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stats_generator

This module generates all the descriptive statistics related to the ingested data. Descriptive statistics are split into different metric types, and each function below corresponds to one metric type:

  • global_summary
  • measures_of_counts
  • measures_of_centralTendency
  • measures_of_cardinality
  • measures_of_dispersion
  • measures_of_percentiles
  • measures_of_shape

Above primary functions are supported by below functions, which can be used independently as well:

  • missingCount_computation
  • nonzeroCount_computation
  • mode_computation
  • uniqueCount_computation
Expand source code
# coding=utf-8
"""
This module generates all the descriptive statistics related to the ingested data. Descriptive statistics are
split into different metric types, and each function below corresponds to one metric type:

- global_summary 
- measures_of_counts 
- measures_of_centralTendency 
- measures_of_cardinality 
- measures_of_dispersion 
- measures_of_percentiles 
- measures_of_shape

Above primary functions are supported by below functions, which can be used independently as well:

- missingCount_computation
- nonzeroCount_computation
- mode_computation
- uniqueCount_computation

"""
import warnings
from pyspark.mllib.linalg import Vectors
from pyspark.mllib.stat import Statistics
from pyspark.sql import functions as F
from pyspark.sql import types as T
from anovos.shared.utils import transpose_dataframe, attributeType_segregation


def global_summary(spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False):
    """
    The global summary function computes the universal statistics/metrics and returns a Spark DataFrame
    with schema – metric, value. The metrics computed in this function - No. of rows, No. of columns, No. of categorical columns
    along with column names, No. of numerical columns along with the column names, No. of non-numerical non-categorical columns
    such as date type, array type etc. along with column names.

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [metric, value]

    """
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = idf.columns
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols) | (len(list_of_cols) == 0):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    row_count = idf.count()
    col_count = len(list_of_cols)
    num_cols, cat_cols, other_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf.select(list_of_cols))
    numcol_count = len(num_cols)
    catcol_count = len(cat_cols)
    othercol_count = len(other_cols)
    if print_impact:
        print("No. of Rows: %s" % "{0:,}".format(row_count))
        print("No. of Columns: %s" % "{0:,}".format(col_count))
        print("Numerical Columns: %s" % "{0:,}".format(numcol_count))
        if numcol_count > 0:
            print(num_cols)
        print("Categorical Columns: %s" % "{0:,}".format(catcol_count))
        if catcol_count > 0:
            print(cat_cols)
        if othercol_count > 0:
            print("Other Columns: %s" % "{0:,}".format(othercol_count))
            print(other_cols)

    odf = spark.createDataFrame(
        [
            ["rows_count", str(row_count)],
            ["columns_count", str(col_count)],
            ["numcols_count", str(numcol_count)],
            ["numcols_name", ", ".join(num_cols)],
            ["catcols_count", str(catcol_count)],
            ["catcols_name", ", ".join(cat_cols)],
            ["othercols_count", str(othercol_count)],
            ["othercols_name", ", ".join(other_cols)],
        ],
        schema=["metric", "value"],
    )
    return odf


def missingCount_computation(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, missing_count, missing_pct]

    """
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        num_cols, cat_cols, other_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)
        list_of_cols = num_cols + cat_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols) | (len(list_of_cols) == 0):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    idf_stats = idf.select(list_of_cols).summary("count")
    odf = (
        transpose_dataframe(idf_stats, "summary")
        .withColumn(
            "missing_count", F.lit(idf.count()) - F.col("count").cast(T.LongType())
        )
        .withColumn(
            "missing_pct", F.round(F.col("missing_count") / F.lit(idf.count()), 4)
        )
        .select(F.col("key").alias("attribute"), "missing_count", "missing_pct")
    )
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf


def nonzeroCount_computation(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of numerical columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all numerical columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, nonzero_count, nonzero_pct]

    """
    num_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)[0]
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = num_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in num_cols for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn(
            "No Non-Zero Count Computation - No numerical column(s) to analyze"
        )
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("nonzero_count", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("nonzero_pct", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    tmp = idf.select(list_of_cols).fillna(0).rdd.map(lambda row: Vectors.dense(row))
    nonzero_count = Statistics.colStats(tmp).numNonzeros()
    odf = spark.createDataFrame(
        zip(list_of_cols, [int(i) for i in nonzero_count]),
        schema=("attribute", "nonzero_count"),
    ).withColumn("nonzero_pct", F.round(F.col("nonzero_count") / F.lit(idf.count()), 4))
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf


def measures_of_counts(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """
    The Measures of Counts function computes different count metrics for each column.  It returns a Spark DataFrame
    with schema – attribute, fill_count, fill_pct, missing_count, missing_pct, nonzero_count, nonzero_pct.

    - Fill Count/Rate is defined as number of rows with non-null values in a column both in terms of absolute count
      and its proportion to row count. It leverages count statistic from summary functionality of Spark SQL.
    - Missing Count/Rate is defined as null (or missing) values seen in a column both in terms of absolute count and
      its proportion to row count. It is directly derivable from Fill Count/Rate.
    - Non Zero Count/Rate is defined as non-zero values seen in a numerical column both in terms of absolute count and
      its proportion to row count. For categorical column, it will show null value. Also, it uses a supporting function
      nonzeroCount_computation. Under the hood, it leverage Multivariate Statistical Summary of Spark MLlib.

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, fill_count, fill_pct, missing_count, missing_pct, nonzero_count, nonzero_pct]

    """
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        num_cols, cat_cols, other_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)
        list_of_cols = num_cols + cat_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))
    num_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf.select(list_of_cols))[0]

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols) | (len(list_of_cols) == 0):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    odf = (
        transpose_dataframe(idf.select(list_of_cols).summary("count"), "summary")
        .select(
            F.col("key").alias("attribute"),
            F.col("count").cast(T.LongType()).alias("fill_count"),
        )
        .withColumn("fill_pct", F.round(F.col("fill_count") / F.lit(idf.count()), 4))
        .withColumn(
            "missing_count", F.lit(idf.count()) - F.col("fill_count").cast(T.LongType())
        )
        .withColumn("missing_pct", F.round(1 - F.col("fill_pct"), 4))
        .join(nonzeroCount_computation(spark, idf, num_cols), "attribute", "full_outer")
    )

    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf


def mode_computation(spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False):
    """

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of Discrete (Categorical + Integer) columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all discrete columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, mode, mode_rows]
        In case there is tie between multiple values, one value is randomly picked as mode.

    """
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        num_cols, cat_cols, other_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)
        list_of_cols = num_cols + cat_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))
    for i in idf.select(list_of_cols).dtypes:
        if i[1] not in ("string", "int", "bigint", "long"):
            list_of_cols.remove(i[0])

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn("No Mode Computation - No discrete column(s) to analyze")
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("mode", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("mode_rows", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    mode = [
        list(
            idf.select(i)
            .dropna()
            .groupby(i)
            .count()
            .orderBy("count", ascending=False)
            .first()
            or [None, None]
        )
        for i in list_of_cols
    ]
    mode = [(str(i), str(j)) for i, j in mode]

    odf = spark.createDataFrame(
        zip(list_of_cols, mode), schema=("attribute", "metric")
    ).select(
        "attribute",
        (F.col("metric")["_1"]).alias("mode"),
        (F.col("metric")["_2"]).cast("long").alias("mode_rows"),
    )

    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf


def measures_of_centralTendency(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """
    The Measures of Central Tendency function provides summary statistics that represents the centre point or most
    likely value of an attribute. It returns a Spark DataFrame with schema – attribute, mean, median, mode, mode_rows, mode_pct.

    - Mean is arithmetic average of a column i.e. sum of all values seen in the column divided by the number of rows.
      It leverage mean statistic from summary functionality of Spark SQL. Mean is calculated only for numerical columns.
    - Median is 50th percentile or middle value in a column when the values are arranged in ascending or descending order.
      It leverage β€˜50%’ statistic from summary functionality of Spark SQL. Median is calculated only for numerical columns.
    - Mode is most frequently seen value in a column. Mode is calculated only for discrete columns (categorical + Integer/Long columns).
    - Mode Rows is the numer of rows seen with Mode value. Mode Rows is calculated only for discrete columns (categorical + Integer/Long columns).
    - Mode Pct is defined as Mode Rows divided by non-null values seen in a column.
      Mode Pct is calculated only for discrete columns (categorical + Integer/Long columns).

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, mean, median, mode, mode_rows, mode_pct]

    """

    num_cols, cat_cols, other_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = num_cols + cat_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols) | (len(list_of_cols) == 0):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    odf = (
        transpose_dataframe(
            idf.select(list_of_cols).summary("mean", "50%", "count"), "summary"
        )
        .withColumn(
            "mean",
            F.when(
                F.col("key").isin(num_cols),
                F.round(F.col("mean").cast(T.DoubleType()), 4),
            ).otherwise(None),
        )
        .withColumn(
            "median",
            F.when(
                F.col("key").isin(num_cols),
                F.round(F.col("50%").cast(T.DoubleType()), 4),
            ).otherwise(None),
        )
        .withColumnRenamed("key", "attribute")
        .join(mode_computation(spark, idf, list_of_cols), "attribute", "full_outer")
        .withColumn(
            "mode_pct",
            F.round(F.col("mode_rows") / F.col("count").cast(T.DoubleType()), 4),
        )
        .select("attribute", "mean", "median", "mode", "mode_rows", "mode_pct")
    )

    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf


def uniqueCount_computation(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of Discrete (Categorical + Integer) columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all discrete columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, unique_values]

    """
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = []
        for i in idf.dtypes:
            if i[1] in ("string", "int", "bigint", "long"):
                list_of_cols.append(i[0])
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn("No Unique Count Computation - No discrete column(s) to analyze")
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("unique_values", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    uniquevalue_count = idf.agg(
        *(F.countDistinct(F.col(i)).alias(i) for i in list_of_cols)
    )
    odf = spark.createDataFrame(
        zip(list_of_cols, uniquevalue_count.rdd.map(list).collect()[0]),
        schema=("attribute", "unique_values"),
    )
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf


def measures_of_cardinality(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """
    The Measures of Cardinality function provides statistics that are related to unique values seen in an
    attribute. These statistics are calculated only for discrete columns (categorical + Integer/Long columns). It
    returns a Spark Dataframe with schema – attribute, unique_values, IDness.

    - Unique Value is defined as a distinct value count of a column. It relies on a supporting function uniqueCount_computation
      for its computation and leverages the countDistinct functionality of Spark SQL.
    - IDness is calculated as Unique Values divided by non-null values seen in a column. Non-null values count is used instead
      of total count because too many null values can give misleading results even if the column have all unique values
      (except null). It uses supporting functions - uniqueCount_computation and missingCount_computation.

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of Discrete (Categorical + Integer) columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all discrete columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, unique_values, IDness]

    """
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = []
        for i in idf.dtypes:
            if i[1] in ("string", "int", "bigint", "long"):
                list_of_cols.append(i[0])
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn("No Cardinality Computation - No discrete column(s) to analyze")
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("unique_values", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("IDness", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    odf = (
        uniqueCount_computation(spark, idf, list_of_cols)
        .join(
            missingCount_computation(spark, idf, list_of_cols),
            "attribute",
            "full_outer",
        )
        .withColumn(
            "IDness",
            F.round(
                F.col("unique_values") / (F.lit(idf.count()) - F.col("missing_count")),
                4,
            ),
        )
        .select("attribute", "unique_values", "IDness")
    )
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf


def measures_of_dispersion(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """
    The Measures of Dispersion function provides statistics that describe the spread of a numerical attribute.
    Alternatively, these statistics are also known as measures of spread. It returns a Spark DataFrame with schema –
    attribute, stddev, variance, cov, IQR, range.

    - Standard Deviation (stddev) measures how concentrated an attribute is around the mean or average.
      It leverages β€˜stddev’ statistic from summary functionality of Spark SQL.
    - Variance is the squared value of Standard Deviation.
    - Coefficient of Variance (cov) is computed as ratio of Standard Deviation & Mean.
      It leverages β€˜stddev’ and β€˜mean’ statistic from the summary functionality of Spark SQL.
    - Interquartile Range (IQR): It describes the difference between the third quartile (75th percentile)
      and the first quartile  (25th percentile), telling us about the range where middle half values are seen.
      It leverage β€˜25%’ and β€˜75%’ statistics from the summary functionality of Spark SQL.
    - Range is simply the difference between the maximum value and the minimum value.
      It leverage β€˜min’ and β€˜max’ statistics from the summary functionality of Spark

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of numerical columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all numerical columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, stddev, variance, cov, IQR, range]

    """
    num_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)[0]
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = num_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in num_cols for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")
    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn("No Dispersion Computation - No numerical column(s) to analyze")
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("stddev", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("variance", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("cov", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("IQR", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("range", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    odf = (
        transpose_dataframe(
            idf.select(list_of_cols).summary(
                "stddev", "min", "max", "mean", "25%", "75%"
            ),
            "summary",
        )
        .withColumn("stddev", F.round(F.col("stddev").cast(T.DoubleType()), 4))
        .withColumn("variance", F.round(F.col("stddev") * F.col("stddev"), 4))
        .withColumn("range", F.round(F.col("max") - F.col("min"), 4))
        .withColumn("cov", F.round(F.col("stddev") / F.col("mean"), 4))
        .withColumn("IQR", F.round(F.col("75%") - F.col("25%"), 4))
        .select(
            F.col("key").alias("attribute"), "stddev", "variance", "cov", "IQR", "range"
        )
    )
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf


def measures_of_percentiles(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """
    The Measures of Percentiles function provides statistics at different percentiles. Nth percentile can be
    interpreted as N% of rows having values lesser than or equal to Nth percentile value. It is prominently used for
    quick detection of skewness or outlier. Alternatively, these statistics are also known as measures of position.
    These statistics are computed only for numerical attributes.

    It returns a Spark Dataframe with schema – attribute, min, 1%, 5%, 10%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 90%, 95%, 99%,
    max. It leverage β€˜N%’ statistics from summary functionality of Spark SQL where N is 0 for min and 100 for max.

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of numerical columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all numerical columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, min, 1%, 5%, 10%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 90%, 95%, 99%, max]

    """
    num_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)[0]
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = num_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in num_cols for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")
    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn("No Percentiles Computation - No numerical column(s) to analyze")
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("min", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("1%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("5%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("10%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("25%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("50%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("75%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("90%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("95%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("99%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("max", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    stats = ["min", "1%", "5%", "10%", "25%", "50%", "75%", "90%", "95%", "99%", "max"]
    odf = transpose_dataframe(
        idf.select(list_of_cols).summary(*stats), "summary"
    ).withColumnRenamed("key", "attribute")
    for i in odf.columns:
        if i != "attribute":
            odf = odf.withColumn(i, F.round(F.col(i).cast("Double"), 4))
    odf = odf.select(["attribute"] + stats)
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf


def measures_of_shape(spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False):
    """
    The Measures of Shapes function provides statistics related to the shape of an attribute's distribution.
    Alternatively, these statistics are also known as measures of the moment and are computed only for numerical
    attributes. It returns a Spark Dataframe with schema – attribute, skewness, kurtosis.

    - Skewness describes how much-skewed values are relative to a perfect bell curve observed in normal distribution
      and the direction of skew. If the majority of the values are at the left and the right tail is longer,
      we say that the distribution is skewed right or positively skewed; if the peak is toward the right and the left
      tail is longer, we say that the distribution is skewed left or negatively skewed. It leverage skewness
      functionality of Spark SQL.
    - (Excess) Kurtosis describes how tall and sharp the central peak is relative to a
      perfect bell curve observed in the normal distribution. The reference standard is a normal distribution,
      which has a kurtosis of 3. In token of this, often, the excess kurtosis is presented: excess kurtosis is simply
      kurtosisβˆ’3. Higher (positive) values indicate a higher, sharper peak; lower (negative) values indicate a less
      distinct peak. It leverages kurtosis functionality of Spark SQL.

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of numerical columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all numerical columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)


    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, skewness, kurtosis]

    """

    num_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)[0]
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = num_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in num_cols for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")
    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn(
            "No Skewness/Kurtosis Computation - No numerical column(s) to analyze"
        )
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("skewness", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("kurtosis", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    shapes = []
    for i in list_of_cols:
        s, k = idf.select(F.skewness(i), F.kurtosis(i)).first()
        shapes.append([i, s, k])
    odf = (
        spark.createDataFrame(shapes, schema=("attribute", "skewness", "kurtosis"))
        .withColumn("skewness", F.round(F.col("skewness"), 4))
        .withColumn("kurtosis", F.round(F.col("kurtosis"), 4))
    )
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf

Functions

def global_summary(spark, idf, list_of_cols='all', drop_cols=[], print_impact=False)

The global summary function computes the universal statistics/metrics and returns a Spark DataFrame with schema – metric, value. The metrics computed in this function - No. of rows, No. of columns, No. of categorical columns along with column names, No. of numerical columns along with the column names, No. of non-numerical non-categorical columns such as date type, array type etc. along with column names.

Parameters

spark
Spark Session
idf
Input Dataframe
list_of_cols
List of columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". "all" can be passed to include all columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually. Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
drop_cols
List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
print_impact
True, False This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

Returns

DataFrame
[metric, value]
Expand source code
def global_summary(spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False):
    """
    The global summary function computes the universal statistics/metrics and returns a Spark DataFrame
    with schema – metric, value. The metrics computed in this function - No. of rows, No. of columns, No. of categorical columns
    along with column names, No. of numerical columns along with the column names, No. of non-numerical non-categorical columns
    such as date type, array type etc. along with column names.

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [metric, value]

    """
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = idf.columns
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols) | (len(list_of_cols) == 0):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    row_count = idf.count()
    col_count = len(list_of_cols)
    num_cols, cat_cols, other_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf.select(list_of_cols))
    numcol_count = len(num_cols)
    catcol_count = len(cat_cols)
    othercol_count = len(other_cols)
    if print_impact:
        print("No. of Rows: %s" % "{0:,}".format(row_count))
        print("No. of Columns: %s" % "{0:,}".format(col_count))
        print("Numerical Columns: %s" % "{0:,}".format(numcol_count))
        if numcol_count > 0:
            print(num_cols)
        print("Categorical Columns: %s" % "{0:,}".format(catcol_count))
        if catcol_count > 0:
            print(cat_cols)
        if othercol_count > 0:
            print("Other Columns: %s" % "{0:,}".format(othercol_count))
            print(other_cols)

    odf = spark.createDataFrame(
        [
            ["rows_count", str(row_count)],
            ["columns_count", str(col_count)],
            ["numcols_count", str(numcol_count)],
            ["numcols_name", ", ".join(num_cols)],
            ["catcols_count", str(catcol_count)],
            ["catcols_name", ", ".join(cat_cols)],
            ["othercols_count", str(othercol_count)],
            ["othercols_name", ", ".join(other_cols)],
        ],
        schema=["metric", "value"],
    )
    return odf
def measures_of_cardinality(spark, idf, list_of_cols='all', drop_cols=[], print_impact=False)

The Measures of Cardinality function provides statistics that are related to unique values seen in an attribute. These statistics are calculated only for discrete columns (categorical + Integer/Long columns). It returns a Spark Dataframe with schema – attribute, unique_values, IDness.

  • Unique Value is defined as a distinct value count of a column. It relies on a supporting function uniqueCount_computation for its computation and leverages the countDistinct functionality of Spark SQL.
  • IDness is calculated as Unique Values divided by non-null values seen in a column. Non-null values count is used instead of total count because too many null values can give misleading results even if the column have all unique values (except null). It uses supporting functions - uniqueCount_computation and missingCount_computation.

Parameters

spark
Spark Session
idf
Input Dataframe
list_of_cols
List of Discrete (Categorical + Integer) columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". "all" can be passed to include all discrete columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually. Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
drop_cols
List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
print_impact
True, False This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

Returns

DataFrame
[attribute, unique_values, IDness]
Expand source code
def measures_of_cardinality(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """
    The Measures of Cardinality function provides statistics that are related to unique values seen in an
    attribute. These statistics are calculated only for discrete columns (categorical + Integer/Long columns). It
    returns a Spark Dataframe with schema – attribute, unique_values, IDness.

    - Unique Value is defined as a distinct value count of a column. It relies on a supporting function uniqueCount_computation
      for its computation and leverages the countDistinct functionality of Spark SQL.
    - IDness is calculated as Unique Values divided by non-null values seen in a column. Non-null values count is used instead
      of total count because too many null values can give misleading results even if the column have all unique values
      (except null). It uses supporting functions - uniqueCount_computation and missingCount_computation.

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of Discrete (Categorical + Integer) columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all discrete columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, unique_values, IDness]

    """
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = []
        for i in idf.dtypes:
            if i[1] in ("string", "int", "bigint", "long"):
                list_of_cols.append(i[0])
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn("No Cardinality Computation - No discrete column(s) to analyze")
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("unique_values", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("IDness", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    odf = (
        uniqueCount_computation(spark, idf, list_of_cols)
        .join(
            missingCount_computation(spark, idf, list_of_cols),
            "attribute",
            "full_outer",
        )
        .withColumn(
            "IDness",
            F.round(
                F.col("unique_values") / (F.lit(idf.count()) - F.col("missing_count")),
                4,
            ),
        )
        .select("attribute", "unique_values", "IDness")
    )
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf
def measures_of_centralTendency(spark, idf, list_of_cols='all', drop_cols=[], print_impact=False)

The Measures of Central Tendency function provides summary statistics that represents the centre point or most likely value of an attribute. It returns a Spark DataFrame with schema – attribute, mean, median, mode, mode_rows, mode_pct.

  • Mean is arithmetic average of a column i.e. sum of all values seen in the column divided by the number of rows. It leverage mean statistic from summary functionality of Spark SQL. Mean is calculated only for numerical columns.
  • Median is 50th percentile or middle value in a column when the values are arranged in ascending or descending order. It leverage β€˜50%’ statistic from summary functionality of Spark SQL. Median is calculated only for numerical columns.
  • Mode is most frequently seen value in a column. Mode is calculated only for discrete columns (categorical + Integer/Long columns).
  • Mode Rows is the numer of rows seen with Mode value. Mode Rows is calculated only for discrete columns (categorical + Integer/Long columns).
  • Mode Pct is defined as Mode Rows divided by non-null values seen in a column. Mode Pct is calculated only for discrete columns (categorical + Integer/Long columns).

Parameters

spark
Spark Session
idf
Input Dataframe
list_of_cols
List of columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". "all" can be passed to include all columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually. Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
drop_cols
List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
print_impact
True, False This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

Returns

DataFrame
[attribute, mean, median, mode, mode_rows, mode_pct]
Expand source code
def measures_of_centralTendency(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """
    The Measures of Central Tendency function provides summary statistics that represents the centre point or most
    likely value of an attribute. It returns a Spark DataFrame with schema – attribute, mean, median, mode, mode_rows, mode_pct.

    - Mean is arithmetic average of a column i.e. sum of all values seen in the column divided by the number of rows.
      It leverage mean statistic from summary functionality of Spark SQL. Mean is calculated only for numerical columns.
    - Median is 50th percentile or middle value in a column when the values are arranged in ascending or descending order.
      It leverage β€˜50%’ statistic from summary functionality of Spark SQL. Median is calculated only for numerical columns.
    - Mode is most frequently seen value in a column. Mode is calculated only for discrete columns (categorical + Integer/Long columns).
    - Mode Rows is the numer of rows seen with Mode value. Mode Rows is calculated only for discrete columns (categorical + Integer/Long columns).
    - Mode Pct is defined as Mode Rows divided by non-null values seen in a column.
      Mode Pct is calculated only for discrete columns (categorical + Integer/Long columns).

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, mean, median, mode, mode_rows, mode_pct]

    """

    num_cols, cat_cols, other_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = num_cols + cat_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols) | (len(list_of_cols) == 0):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    odf = (
        transpose_dataframe(
            idf.select(list_of_cols).summary("mean", "50%", "count"), "summary"
        )
        .withColumn(
            "mean",
            F.when(
                F.col("key").isin(num_cols),
                F.round(F.col("mean").cast(T.DoubleType()), 4),
            ).otherwise(None),
        )
        .withColumn(
            "median",
            F.when(
                F.col("key").isin(num_cols),
                F.round(F.col("50%").cast(T.DoubleType()), 4),
            ).otherwise(None),
        )
        .withColumnRenamed("key", "attribute")
        .join(mode_computation(spark, idf, list_of_cols), "attribute", "full_outer")
        .withColumn(
            "mode_pct",
            F.round(F.col("mode_rows") / F.col("count").cast(T.DoubleType()), 4),
        )
        .select("attribute", "mean", "median", "mode", "mode_rows", "mode_pct")
    )

    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf
def measures_of_counts(spark, idf, list_of_cols='all', drop_cols=[], print_impact=False)

The Measures of Counts function computes different count metrics for each column. It returns a Spark DataFrame with schema – attribute, fill_count, fill_pct, missing_count, missing_pct, nonzero_count, nonzero_pct.

  • Fill Count/Rate is defined as number of rows with non-null values in a column both in terms of absolute count and its proportion to row count. It leverages count statistic from summary functionality of Spark SQL.
  • Missing Count/Rate is defined as null (or missing) values seen in a column both in terms of absolute count and its proportion to row count. It is directly derivable from Fill Count/Rate.
  • Non Zero Count/Rate is defined as non-zero values seen in a numerical column both in terms of absolute count and its proportion to row count. For categorical column, it will show null value. Also, it uses a supporting function nonzeroCount_computation. Under the hood, it leverage Multivariate Statistical Summary of Spark MLlib.

Parameters

spark
Spark Session
idf
Input Dataframe
list_of_cols
List of columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". "all" can be passed to include all columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually. Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
drop_cols
List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
print_impact
True, False This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

Returns

DataFrame
[attribute, fill_count, fill_pct, missing_count, missing_pct, nonzero_count, nonzero_pct]
Expand source code
def measures_of_counts(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """
    The Measures of Counts function computes different count metrics for each column.  It returns a Spark DataFrame
    with schema – attribute, fill_count, fill_pct, missing_count, missing_pct, nonzero_count, nonzero_pct.

    - Fill Count/Rate is defined as number of rows with non-null values in a column both in terms of absolute count
      and its proportion to row count. It leverages count statistic from summary functionality of Spark SQL.
    - Missing Count/Rate is defined as null (or missing) values seen in a column both in terms of absolute count and
      its proportion to row count. It is directly derivable from Fill Count/Rate.
    - Non Zero Count/Rate is defined as non-zero values seen in a numerical column both in terms of absolute count and
      its proportion to row count. For categorical column, it will show null value. Also, it uses a supporting function
      nonzeroCount_computation. Under the hood, it leverage Multivariate Statistical Summary of Spark MLlib.

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, fill_count, fill_pct, missing_count, missing_pct, nonzero_count, nonzero_pct]

    """
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        num_cols, cat_cols, other_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)
        list_of_cols = num_cols + cat_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))
    num_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf.select(list_of_cols))[0]

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols) | (len(list_of_cols) == 0):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    odf = (
        transpose_dataframe(idf.select(list_of_cols).summary("count"), "summary")
        .select(
            F.col("key").alias("attribute"),
            F.col("count").cast(T.LongType()).alias("fill_count"),
        )
        .withColumn("fill_pct", F.round(F.col("fill_count") / F.lit(idf.count()), 4))
        .withColumn(
            "missing_count", F.lit(idf.count()) - F.col("fill_count").cast(T.LongType())
        )
        .withColumn("missing_pct", F.round(1 - F.col("fill_pct"), 4))
        .join(nonzeroCount_computation(spark, idf, num_cols), "attribute", "full_outer")
    )

    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf
def measures_of_dispersion(spark, idf, list_of_cols='all', drop_cols=[], print_impact=False)

The Measures of Dispersion function provides statistics that describe the spread of a numerical attribute. Alternatively, these statistics are also known as measures of spread. It returns a Spark DataFrame with schema – attribute, stddev, variance, cov, IQR, range.

  • Standard Deviation (stddev) measures how concentrated an attribute is around the mean or average. It leverages β€˜stddev’ statistic from summary functionality of Spark SQL.
  • Variance is the squared value of Standard Deviation.
  • Coefficient of Variance (cov) is computed as ratio of Standard Deviation & Mean. It leverages β€˜stddev’ and β€˜mean’ statistic from the summary functionality of Spark SQL.
  • Interquartile Range (IQR): It describes the difference between the third quartile (75th percentile) and the first quartile (25th percentile), telling us about the range where middle half values are seen. It leverage β€˜25%’ and β€˜75%’ statistics from the summary functionality of Spark SQL.
  • Range is simply the difference between the maximum value and the minimum value. It leverage β€˜min’ and β€˜max’ statistics from the summary functionality of Spark

Parameters

spark
Spark Session
idf
Input Dataframe
list_of_cols
List of numerical columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". "all" can be passed to include all numerical columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually. Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
drop_cols
List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
print_impact
True, False This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

Returns

DataFrame
[attribute, stddev, variance, cov, IQR, range]
Expand source code
def measures_of_dispersion(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """
    The Measures of Dispersion function provides statistics that describe the spread of a numerical attribute.
    Alternatively, these statistics are also known as measures of spread. It returns a Spark DataFrame with schema –
    attribute, stddev, variance, cov, IQR, range.

    - Standard Deviation (stddev) measures how concentrated an attribute is around the mean or average.
      It leverages β€˜stddev’ statistic from summary functionality of Spark SQL.
    - Variance is the squared value of Standard Deviation.
    - Coefficient of Variance (cov) is computed as ratio of Standard Deviation & Mean.
      It leverages β€˜stddev’ and β€˜mean’ statistic from the summary functionality of Spark SQL.
    - Interquartile Range (IQR): It describes the difference between the third quartile (75th percentile)
      and the first quartile  (25th percentile), telling us about the range where middle half values are seen.
      It leverage β€˜25%’ and β€˜75%’ statistics from the summary functionality of Spark SQL.
    - Range is simply the difference between the maximum value and the minimum value.
      It leverage β€˜min’ and β€˜max’ statistics from the summary functionality of Spark

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of numerical columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all numerical columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, stddev, variance, cov, IQR, range]

    """
    num_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)[0]
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = num_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in num_cols for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")
    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn("No Dispersion Computation - No numerical column(s) to analyze")
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("stddev", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("variance", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("cov", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("IQR", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("range", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    odf = (
        transpose_dataframe(
            idf.select(list_of_cols).summary(
                "stddev", "min", "max", "mean", "25%", "75%"
            ),
            "summary",
        )
        .withColumn("stddev", F.round(F.col("stddev").cast(T.DoubleType()), 4))
        .withColumn("variance", F.round(F.col("stddev") * F.col("stddev"), 4))
        .withColumn("range", F.round(F.col("max") - F.col("min"), 4))
        .withColumn("cov", F.round(F.col("stddev") / F.col("mean"), 4))
        .withColumn("IQR", F.round(F.col("75%") - F.col("25%"), 4))
        .select(
            F.col("key").alias("attribute"), "stddev", "variance", "cov", "IQR", "range"
        )
    )
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf
def measures_of_percentiles(spark, idf, list_of_cols='all', drop_cols=[], print_impact=False)

The Measures of Percentiles function provides statistics at different percentiles. Nth percentile can be interpreted as N% of rows having values lesser than or equal to Nth percentile value. It is prominently used for quick detection of skewness or outlier. Alternatively, these statistics are also known as measures of position. These statistics are computed only for numerical attributes.

It returns a Spark Dataframe with schema – attribute, min, 1%, 5%, 10%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 90%, 95%, 99%, max. It leverage β€˜N%’ statistics from summary functionality of Spark SQL where N is 0 for min and 100 for max.

Parameters

spark
Spark Session
idf
Input Dataframe
list_of_cols
List of numerical columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". "all" can be passed to include all numerical columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually. Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
drop_cols
List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
print_impact
True, False This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

Returns

DataFrame
[attribute, min, 1%, 5%, 10%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 90%, 95%, 99%, max]
Expand source code
def measures_of_percentiles(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """
    The Measures of Percentiles function provides statistics at different percentiles. Nth percentile can be
    interpreted as N% of rows having values lesser than or equal to Nth percentile value. It is prominently used for
    quick detection of skewness or outlier. Alternatively, these statistics are also known as measures of position.
    These statistics are computed only for numerical attributes.

    It returns a Spark Dataframe with schema – attribute, min, 1%, 5%, 10%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 90%, 95%, 99%,
    max. It leverage β€˜N%’ statistics from summary functionality of Spark SQL where N is 0 for min and 100 for max.

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of numerical columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all numerical columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, min, 1%, 5%, 10%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 90%, 95%, 99%, max]

    """
    num_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)[0]
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = num_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in num_cols for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")
    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn("No Percentiles Computation - No numerical column(s) to analyze")
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("min", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("1%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("5%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("10%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("25%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("50%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("75%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("90%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("95%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("99%", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("max", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    stats = ["min", "1%", "5%", "10%", "25%", "50%", "75%", "90%", "95%", "99%", "max"]
    odf = transpose_dataframe(
        idf.select(list_of_cols).summary(*stats), "summary"
    ).withColumnRenamed("key", "attribute")
    for i in odf.columns:
        if i != "attribute":
            odf = odf.withColumn(i, F.round(F.col(i).cast("Double"), 4))
    odf = odf.select(["attribute"] + stats)
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf
def measures_of_shape(spark, idf, list_of_cols='all', drop_cols=[], print_impact=False)

The Measures of Shapes function provides statistics related to the shape of an attribute's distribution. Alternatively, these statistics are also known as measures of the moment and are computed only for numerical attributes. It returns a Spark Dataframe with schema – attribute, skewness, kurtosis.

  • Skewness describes how much-skewed values are relative to a perfect bell curve observed in normal distribution and the direction of skew. If the majority of the values are at the left and the right tail is longer, we say that the distribution is skewed right or positively skewed; if the peak is toward the right and the left tail is longer, we say that the distribution is skewed left or negatively skewed. It leverage skewness functionality of Spark SQL.
  • (Excess) Kurtosis describes how tall and sharp the central peak is relative to a perfect bell curve observed in the normal distribution. The reference standard is a normal distribution, which has a kurtosis of 3. In token of this, often, the excess kurtosis is presented: excess kurtosis is simply kurtosisβˆ’3. Higher (positive) values indicate a higher, sharper peak; lower (negative) values indicate a less distinct peak. It leverages kurtosis functionality of Spark SQL.

Parameters

spark
Spark Session
idf
Input Dataframe
list_of_cols
List of numerical columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". "all" can be passed to include all numerical columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually. Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
drop_cols
List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
print_impact
True, False This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

Returns

DataFrame
[attribute, skewness, kurtosis]
Expand source code
def measures_of_shape(spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False):
    """
    The Measures of Shapes function provides statistics related to the shape of an attribute's distribution.
    Alternatively, these statistics are also known as measures of the moment and are computed only for numerical
    attributes. It returns a Spark Dataframe with schema – attribute, skewness, kurtosis.

    - Skewness describes how much-skewed values are relative to a perfect bell curve observed in normal distribution
      and the direction of skew. If the majority of the values are at the left and the right tail is longer,
      we say that the distribution is skewed right or positively skewed; if the peak is toward the right and the left
      tail is longer, we say that the distribution is skewed left or negatively skewed. It leverage skewness
      functionality of Spark SQL.
    - (Excess) Kurtosis describes how tall and sharp the central peak is relative to a
      perfect bell curve observed in the normal distribution. The reference standard is a normal distribution,
      which has a kurtosis of 3. In token of this, often, the excess kurtosis is presented: excess kurtosis is simply
      kurtosisβˆ’3. Higher (positive) values indicate a higher, sharper peak; lower (negative) values indicate a less
      distinct peak. It leverages kurtosis functionality of Spark SQL.

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of numerical columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all numerical columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)


    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, skewness, kurtosis]

    """

    num_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)[0]
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = num_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in num_cols for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")
    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn(
            "No Skewness/Kurtosis Computation - No numerical column(s) to analyze"
        )
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("skewness", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("kurtosis", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    shapes = []
    for i in list_of_cols:
        s, k = idf.select(F.skewness(i), F.kurtosis(i)).first()
        shapes.append([i, s, k])
    odf = (
        spark.createDataFrame(shapes, schema=("attribute", "skewness", "kurtosis"))
        .withColumn("skewness", F.round(F.col("skewness"), 4))
        .withColumn("kurtosis", F.round(F.col("kurtosis"), 4))
    )
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf
def missingCount_computation(spark, idf, list_of_cols='all', drop_cols=[], print_impact=False)

Parameters

spark
Spark Session
idf
Input Dataframe
list_of_cols
List of columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". "all" can be passed to include all columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually. Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
drop_cols
List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
print_impact
True, False This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

Returns

DataFrame
[attribute, missing_count, missing_pct]
Expand source code
def missingCount_computation(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, missing_count, missing_pct]

    """
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        num_cols, cat_cols, other_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)
        list_of_cols = num_cols + cat_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols) | (len(list_of_cols) == 0):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    idf_stats = idf.select(list_of_cols).summary("count")
    odf = (
        transpose_dataframe(idf_stats, "summary")
        .withColumn(
            "missing_count", F.lit(idf.count()) - F.col("count").cast(T.LongType())
        )
        .withColumn(
            "missing_pct", F.round(F.col("missing_count") / F.lit(idf.count()), 4)
        )
        .select(F.col("key").alias("attribute"), "missing_count", "missing_pct")
    )
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf
def mode_computation(spark, idf, list_of_cols='all', drop_cols=[], print_impact=False)

Parameters

spark
Spark Session
idf
Input Dataframe
list_of_cols
List of Discrete (Categorical + Integer) columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". "all" can be passed to include all discrete columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually. Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
drop_cols
List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
print_impact
True, False This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

Returns

DataFrame
[attribute, mode, mode_rows] In case there is tie between multiple values, one value is randomly picked as mode.
Expand source code
def mode_computation(spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False):
    """

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of Discrete (Categorical + Integer) columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all discrete columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, mode, mode_rows]
        In case there is tie between multiple values, one value is randomly picked as mode.

    """
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        num_cols, cat_cols, other_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)
        list_of_cols = num_cols + cat_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))
    for i in idf.select(list_of_cols).dtypes:
        if i[1] not in ("string", "int", "bigint", "long"):
            list_of_cols.remove(i[0])

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn("No Mode Computation - No discrete column(s) to analyze")
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("mode", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("mode_rows", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    mode = [
        list(
            idf.select(i)
            .dropna()
            .groupby(i)
            .count()
            .orderBy("count", ascending=False)
            .first()
            or [None, None]
        )
        for i in list_of_cols
    ]
    mode = [(str(i), str(j)) for i, j in mode]

    odf = spark.createDataFrame(
        zip(list_of_cols, mode), schema=("attribute", "metric")
    ).select(
        "attribute",
        (F.col("metric")["_1"]).alias("mode"),
        (F.col("metric")["_2"]).cast("long").alias("mode_rows"),
    )

    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf
def nonzeroCount_computation(spark, idf, list_of_cols='all', drop_cols=[], print_impact=False)

Parameters

spark
Spark Session
idf
Input Dataframe
list_of_cols
List of numerical columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". "all" can be passed to include all numerical columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually. Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
drop_cols
List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
print_impact
True, False This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

Returns

DataFrame
[attribute, nonzero_count, nonzero_pct]
Expand source code
def nonzeroCount_computation(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of numerical columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all numerical columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, nonzero_count, nonzero_pct]

    """
    num_cols = attributeType_segregation(idf)[0]
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = num_cols
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in num_cols for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn(
            "No Non-Zero Count Computation - No numerical column(s) to analyze"
        )
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("nonzero_count", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("nonzero_pct", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    tmp = idf.select(list_of_cols).fillna(0).rdd.map(lambda row: Vectors.dense(row))
    nonzero_count = Statistics.colStats(tmp).numNonzeros()
    odf = spark.createDataFrame(
        zip(list_of_cols, [int(i) for i in nonzero_count]),
        schema=("attribute", "nonzero_count"),
    ).withColumn("nonzero_pct", F.round(F.col("nonzero_count") / F.lit(idf.count()), 4))
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf
def uniqueCount_computation(spark, idf, list_of_cols='all', drop_cols=[], print_impact=False)

Parameters

spark
Spark Session
idf
Input Dataframe
list_of_cols
List of Discrete (Categorical + Integer) columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". "all" can be passed to include all discrete columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually. Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
drop_cols
List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"]. Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format, where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2". It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
print_impact
True, False This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

Returns

DataFrame
[attribute, unique_values]
Expand source code
def uniqueCount_computation(
    spark, idf, list_of_cols="all", drop_cols=[], print_impact=False
):
    """

    Parameters
    ----------
    spark
        Spark Session
    idf
        Input Dataframe
    list_of_cols
        List of Discrete (Categorical + Integer) columns to analyse e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        "all" can be passed to include all discrete columns for analysis. This is super useful instead of specifying all column names manually.
        Please note that this argument is used in conjunction with drop_cols i.e. a column mentioned in drop_cols argument
        is not considered for analysis even if it is mentioned in list_of_cols. (Default value = "all")
    drop_cols
        List of columns to be dropped e.g., ["col1","col2"].
        Alternatively, columns can be specified in a string format,
        where different column names are separated by pipe delimiter β€œ|” e.g., "col1|col2".
        It is most useful when coupled with the β€œall” value of list_of_cols, when we need to consider all columns except
        a few handful of them. (Default value = [])
    print_impact
        True, False
        This argument is to print out the statistics.(Default value = False)

    Returns
    -------
    DataFrame
        [attribute, unique_values]

    """
    if list_of_cols == "all":
        list_of_cols = []
        for i in idf.dtypes:
            if i[1] in ("string", "int", "bigint", "long"):
                list_of_cols.append(i[0])
    if isinstance(list_of_cols, str):
        list_of_cols = [x.strip() for x in list_of_cols.split("|")]
    if isinstance(drop_cols, str):
        drop_cols = [x.strip() for x in drop_cols.split("|")]

    list_of_cols = list(set([e for e in list_of_cols if e not in drop_cols]))

    if any(x not in idf.columns for x in list_of_cols):
        raise TypeError("Invalid input for Column(s)")

    if len(list_of_cols) == 0:
        warnings.warn("No Unique Count Computation - No discrete column(s) to analyze")
        schema = T.StructType(
            [
                T.StructField("attribute", T.StringType(), True),
                T.StructField("unique_values", T.StringType(), True),
            ]
        )
        odf = spark.sparkContext.emptyRDD().toDF(schema)
        return odf

    uniquevalue_count = idf.agg(
        *(F.countDistinct(F.col(i)).alias(i) for i in list_of_cols)
    )
    odf = spark.createDataFrame(
        zip(list_of_cols, uniquevalue_count.rdd.map(list).collect()[0]),
        schema=("attribute", "unique_values"),
    )
    if print_impact:
        odf.show(len(list_of_cols))
    return odf